Learning About Symptoms
 

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Controlling Diabetes
Why Blood Glucose Levels Change
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Symptoms of high blood glucose (hyperglycemia)

These are the symptoms of high blood glucose (hyperglycemia). Regular monitoring can help you avoid high and low blood glucose, avoid complications of diabetes, and help control your blood glucose levels.

High Blood Glucose Symptoms

Increased Thirst
Hunger
Headaches
Blurred Vision

Frequent urination
Fatigue or tiredness
Weight Loss

Infections
Foot Problems
Other conditions

Increased thirst

Increased thirst
High blood glucose can cause excessive thirst. If you are always thirsty and you can't seem to get enough fluids despite the amount you drink, diabetes may be out of control.

Hunger
When insulin in the body is insufficient to push glucose into the cells of the body, glucose stays in the blood streams. As a result, your brain detects this and tells you that you need food.

Headaches and difficulty concentrating

Headaches and difficulty concentrating
Too much glucose in the blood can result in your brain cells not getting enough glucose to function properly.

Blurred vision
High blood glucose can cause eye problems. High levels of blood glucose pull fluid from your tissues, including the lenses of your eyes, making focusing difficult. If your diabetes is uncontrolled, blood vessels in the retina are damaged, and new blood vessels form. You may experience mild vision problems, such as dark spots, flashing lights or rings around lights. It can also cause blindness.

Frequent urination
High blood glucose can cause frequent urination, one of the classic symptoms of uncontrolled diabetes. Although it doesn't always signal uncontrolled diabetes, if you have diabetes and you have to go too often, then your blood glucose control may be poor. As a result of this, you will feel thirsty, no matter how much you try to replenish the fluids that you lose.

Fatigue or tiredness

Fatigue or tiredness
High blood glucose can cause fatigue. If you are getting regular exercise, being diligent with your medication, aren't pregnant, or are relatively stress-free, yet you feel tired and sleepy frequently and have difficulty getting through the day, your diabetes may be out of control. This means that your body is storing and using glucose poorly.

Weight Loss
Too much glucose in the blood can result in your body failing to store glucose in cells properly, and start to break down other sources for energy instead, resulting in weight loss.

Infections
High blood glucose weakens your body's immunity and defenses against infection. When your blood glucose levels are persistently high, your body's natural ability to heal and fight off infections is impaired. You become vulnerable to influenza, bladder and vaginal infections. If you are always fighting infections, your diabetes may be uncontrolled.

Foot Problems
High blood glucose can lead to nerve damage, usually in the extremities and particularly in the feet and lower leg. You may notice tingling and loss of sensation or burning pain in your feet, legs and hands.

Other conditions
Other signs of high blood glucose can include dry mouth, dry or itchy skin, male impotence, vaginal yeast infections, unexplained aches and pains, urinary tract infections, sores that don't heal very well, excessive infections and genital itching.


Symptoms will vary from person to person, and may be affected by age or sex.

   
 

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