How to Better Manage Complications
 

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Controlling Diabetes
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Heart disease1

Diabetes can increase the risk of developing coronary heart disease, or atherosclerosis. People with diabetes are 2x more likely to develop heart disease, and people with diabetes are more at risk of developing cardiovascular complications at an earlier age that can often result in premature death. Deaths from heart disease in women with diabetes have increased by 23% over the past 30 years. Compare this to a 27% reduction in women without diabetes. In addition, deaths from heart disease in men with diabetes have decreased only by 13%. Compare this to a 36% reduction in men without diabetes.


In coronary heart disease, a material called plague builds up in the heart's arteries, making them hard and thick, resulting in hardened and narrowed blood vessels that supply blood to the muscle of the heart, and the heart muscle gets less blood and oxygen. With poor blood and oxygen flow to the heart muscle, the heart suffers, and a person may experience many problems, such as:

  • Chest pains or angina
  • Heart attack - a blood clot forms in one of the plague-filled coronary arteries, cuts off blood supply to the heart, and the heart muscles start to die
  • Heart failure - the heart fails to pump oxygen-rich blood effectively to the blood
  • Arrhythmia - the heart beats irregularly, which could lead to heart failure

Are you at risk of heart disease?
Coronary heart disease is among the leading causes of death in the world. To avoid developing coronary heart disease, you should be aware of risk factors associated with heart disease.

  1. Manage diabetes well, including regular self-monitoring of blood glucose
  2. Control blood pressure
  3. Do not smoke
  4. Drink moderately
  5. Eat a healthy diet, maintain ideal and safe weight
  6. Follow a regularly scheduled exercise program
  7. See your doctor regularly. Get tests that help you and your doctor keep tabs on how well your heart is doing

   
 

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