How to Better Manage Complications
 

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Controlling Diabetes
Why Blood Glucose Levels Change
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Eye Disease1

Clouding of vision
Persistent high blood glucose levels harm the eyes, and you could suffer serious visual impairment, if you fail to control your blood glucose. In fact, diabetes is the leading cause of new cases of blindness in people aged 20 to 74 years. Each year, up to 24,000 people lose their sight because of diabetes.

If blood glucose levels are elevated for some time, glucose crystals can build up on the lens of the eye, resulting in a cataract, or clouding of the lens. Surgical replacement of the lens with an artificial one corrects this problem. Your doctor may advise you to have dilated-retina exams and visual acuity tests every year if you have diabetes.

Regular monitoring can help you spot patterns to try to avoid high and low blood glucose, reduce complications of diabetes, and help control your diabetes.

Diabetic retinopathy
Persistent elevated blood glucose levels damage the blood vessels that feed the retina, the part of the eye for color vision and detail. This results in fluid leak into the retina and the growth of new blood vessels and scar tissue, causing blurring or loss of vision. This type of damage is known as diabetic retinopathy.

Regular monitoring can help you spot patterns to try to avoid high and low blood glucose, reduce complications of diabetes, and help control your diabetes.

When on insulin
When you start insulin, you may experience temporary blurring of your eyesight and other problems. This usually lasts only for a few weeks. Visit your doctor when it happens.

Regular monitoring can help you spot patterns to try to avoid high and low blood glucose, reduce complications of diabetes, and help control your diabetes.

   
 

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