Insulin and You
 

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Using Insulin
The Need for Insulin
Types of insulin
Different Types of Insulin & How They Work
Basal Insulin
Bolus Insulin
Pre-mixed Insulin
OneTouch UltraEasy blood glucose meter: Fast accurate results in 5 seconds!
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Short acting bolus insulin2

Insulin type When it starts working When it works at peak How long it lasts
BOLUS Short-acting
Sometimes used around mealtimes, it is taken 30 to 45 mins before eating. Therefore, timing of meals is important
30 - 60 minutes 2 - 4 hours 5 - 8 hours
Rapid acting
Injected right before meals. By the time food is digested and glucose is moving into the bloodstream, rapid-acting insulin is working hard to move glucose into the cells.
10 - 15 minutes 60 - 90 minutes 4 - 5 hours

When to self-monitor your blood glucose2

Insulin type When to self-monitor blood glucose
BOLUS
Short-acting
Sometimes used around mealtimes, it is taken 30 to 45 mins before eating. Therefore, timing of meals is important
Before injecting, to see if your glucose is in the Diabetes Safe Zone and to help you plan your meal content and insulin dosage
2 hours after meals, to check the effect of your insulin dose
Before bed, to see if you need a snack so your glucose doesn't fall too low during the night
Rapid acting
Injected right before meals. By the time food is digested and glucose is moving into the bloodstream, rapid-acting insulin is working hard to move glucose into the cells
Before injecting, to help determine your insulin dose and to help you plan your meal content
2 hours after eating, to check the effect of the insulin dose
Before bed, to see if you need a snack so your glucose doesn't fall too low during the night

   
 

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